Category Archives: Photography and Models

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Photography course

Countless thrilling photography courses are being taught all over the world. Majority of the courses are based on the profession or type of photography. They vary from wedding photography course, fashion photography, portrait photography, couture photography, selective photography, creative photography as well as exhibition photography. The photography course is mostly trained by skilled as well as experienced individuals who have worked as photographers for several years and have created a place of their own. The photography course, specially those photography course that are taught in London, are usually very precise and also very challenging for the artist as the teachers aim to ingrain the process accurately in him so as to ensure that he is unfailing in the profession he has selected for himself.

Several things are taught in the classes where one goes to learn photography. Photographers are imparted with the knowledge of the angles upon which the photographs should be captured. They are also taught the ways of arranging the lighting according to which the photographs would vary. In cases where natural light is not completely available, those who learn photography are also taught how to make proper use of artificial lighting at that point of time so that the photographs come out well. The camera is sometimes positioned in such a manner that the photograph seems to have been captured in broad daylight; this is also taught to those who learn photography, something which several photographers even today fail to achieve.

Photography course all over London have been planned in such a way so as to fulfill all the necessities of the profession of photography. The genre of photography is immaterial, because in all cases the basics are always the same. The photography course have often been isolated in several parts. Each of them tackles a different subject and all the parts have been packed with concepts which would assist a photographer who wishes to specialize in sphere of photography.

The photography courses are usually designed in an extremely all-encompassing way and are based on completely relevant subjects. These assist the photographers to achieve that radical look in their photography. Nuptial photography is an extremely agile and swift process that also demands a lot of flawlessness and accuracy. Those who come to learn photography are trained to be exactly that. Portrait photography on the other hand is a test of the patience of a photographer. He needs to be extremely patient when capturing it in order to get the portrait perfected. The angle also has to be absolutely accurate. Fashion photography is mainly about inspiration originality as well as new position together with appropriate styling. There are several other aspects like make up, attire, and lighting. Those who learn photography are trained to perfection on this. Exhibition photography is nothing but a display of photography where people come and have a look at the photographs of a particular photographer.

If you desire to take quality photography course and are keen to learn photography, with all the facets explicitly explained then you can pay us a visit at our website. We can assure you that we have very well trained professional taking care of the classes and thus would undoubtedly be a great help to your career as a photographer.

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Making it big Two black models who’ve carved their own career success

At the end of their careers in the limelight black female models know that they must make way for younger talent. Well before that time comes many will proactively start thinking about what they’ll do to earn an income in the future. They therefore become determined to make the most of their current jobs to ensure that they will make a smooth transition into whatever careers they aspire for. A good number of models have managed to do this and Black Men Digital magazine has been fortunate enough to interview them.

One such lady is Shanti Saha who now runs Saha Concierge, a high-end concierge service that caters to sports and entertainment industry elites. Saha earned her degree in nursing from Florida State University in 2005. This in itself speaks volumes considering that many people solely attribute the success of to their natural good looks but not their individual intelligence, an unfortunate assumption that should be totally dispelled because many other models have college degrees in diverse disciplines.es.

Since its launch in 2011 Saha Concierge has established a fine reputation for itself, of course thanks to the competent management abilities of its CEO. Saha is held in high esteem by her high profile clients as she ably handles their epicurean travel bookings, accommodations and events requirements. Her client list, which currently features luminaries like Sean Kingston, Yung Berg, Cuda Love and Bryant McKinnie, is definitely set to become more celebrity-crusted in the future. In sort of a mentorship role, Saha requires all attending her clients’ events to display elegance, sophistication and classiness, not cattiness and drama. A fine reputation, she says, is the perfect prerequisite for guaranteeing client satisfaction.

Another of the black models who is now scaling the heights of success in the entertainment industry is Angela Yee. She, after a career in the hip hop music industry, previously hosted two popular radio shows on Shade 45 i.e. -The Morning After With Angela Yee- and -Lip Service-. The latter was especially popular because the invited interviewees were well known personalities from the entertainment industry and they were engaged in discussions based on their relationships and sex lives. Angela then moved to Power 105.1 and now hosts -The Breakfast Club-. While her new show isn’t sexually-oriented it has definitely caught on with the public in a massive way. In collaboration with Vibe Magazine the show is now also available in print and video versions. Angela Yee certainly exemplifies the notion that black female models have what it takes to become quintessential market leaders whatever their line of work is.

For more information please visit .

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Micromax X560 Latest Mobile Models

Micromax mobile is giving a tough fight for the other mobile brands in the mobile market. This mobile company which came to launch its models in the Indian market in 1991, has already made a mark. It has climed up the ladder to the top position within a short span. This is because of the cutting edge technolgy that it followed in all its phone models. The solutions provided by the Company have indeed brought a great change to the telecom sector of the Indian market.

Like many of the micromax mobile, the micromax x560 is also a Dual SIM phone. The GSM handset features a touch screen display of 3.2 inches. It has a wireless LAN connectivity. It is great for social networking! Many youngsters are going to love this mobile. The main thing happening in the internet is social networking. People from all over the world are making friends on facebook. Thus, access to the social networking sites should be a great option for all the young minds. You find everyone on facebook these days. This phone is for all those who want to stay in touch with their friends 24 hours. This is a camera phone, but there is nothing much to talk about it. Since, it is just a two mega pixel camera. Maybe you can take some pictures then and there, but not good for taking memorable pictures.

The interface used by micromax x560 is something that might interest the customers. As in most of the popular micromax mobiles, this is a Qube mobile phone that uses the 3D Cube User Interface. The other key features includes the pre-loaded motion sensor games, pre-loaded opera mini web browser, multi instant messenger-nimbuzz, video recording, audio and video, stereo FM radio, and MP3 ringtone formats. The music player supports formats like Mp3, WAV and Midi. The phone comes with a speaker, and the video player supports 3GP and MP4 format. The Bluetooth, USB, WAP, Java. Memory card slots and GPRS are other common feature that comes with micromax x560 phone.

The micromax x560 price in India would be 5250 INR. This is not a big price for this classic model. Online shopping has increased the popularity and the sales of mobile phones. There could be price cut anytime with the increase in the sales and availability. You can shop for this model online. Just a bit of advice here would be, do thorough researches before you end up buying it.

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Professional photography and their visible trends in New York

Professional photography has always been affected by changing trends due to changing technologies and changing perceptions. Here are some present trends.

It is common knowledge nowadays for most professional photographers in New York that the Professional Photographers of America hold a convention by the name of Imagining USA bringing the best professional photographers at one place. Aspiring photographers too throng the place to meet the best in the industry so that they get to learn some tips about professional photography from them. The group recently met in New Orleans and many of those who visited the place got a chance to meet featured artists. A huge number of talented and creative photographers are always in the fray for the convention.

These conventions are a clear indication about the changing diaspora of the profession and the industry. Professional photography has been evolving rapidly on a continual basis and here are five most noticeable trends:

1. Embrace professional photography

Featured artists mostly consist of couples and even young people who are extremely interested in photography and willing to learn new things. Several artists in New York and its suburbs actually are willing to push the envelope. Every photographer has a special vision.

2. Photographers are proving to be good business people

The conventions like the one mentioned above host speakers who are well versed with the field and provide dozens of tips to new and budding photographers. Tips are also provided to photographers on how to structure the business to fit in with different scenarios. Creation of successful business plans are essential in this age of information where one needs to be talented enough and also have a sound business acumen to achieve success in the competitive field of professional photography in New York.

3. Capture scenes with drama and emotion and inventive angles

Many photographers have invented new shooting techniques including the -Fish Five- technique of shooting with two cameras at a time. These tricks and the new technology embedded in professional SLR cameras have boosted the vision of all types of photographers. A clear vision with an inventive outlook is helpful for all professionals to see different things in different light, all the time.

4. Fusion of still photography with moving images (video)

Some photographers have enhanced their still photography skills to video and have used the same techniques to enhance the video quality images and effects. A combination of still images with a quick shutter slide can bring images to life and looks beautiful too.

5. Social media sharing and connecting with people

The latest trends in photography have involved the social circles too. Facebook is resorted to by photographers for better chances of spreading their vision and publicize their talent. Blogs and other social channels are instrumental in creating the right buzz about photography while a studio’s website can lead relevant people to relevant places. Facebook, Flickr and Instagram are the most popular channels on the web and piping hot. Pinterest is certainly making the right noises for many photographers with its wall-based display of different images.

The talent and enthusiasm of professional photographers in New York is contagious and inspiring for new and budding photographers to take a plunge in the field. The new trends in the field are also making it easy for those interested to learn worthwhile tips too.

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Helpful Photography Tipsshooting In Monochrome

Shooting in Monochrome
To give a contemporary photo an old-fashioned feel, try shooting in monochrome. A picture done entirely in black and white or sepia tones achieves on old time look. Rather than editing the picture through a computer program, many digital cameras feature a setting that enables you to actually shoot the images directly in monochrome.

The monochrome setting option simplifies the process of creating these stunning pictures. No software or special knowledge of photo editing is required to produce these stunning images. Depending on what type of digital camera you have, the monochrome setting will be located in the My Colours, Colour or Picture Style settings menu.

Types of monochrome settings
Once you’ve located the monochrome setting, you will see that you have different options. Black and white and sepia settings are offered by most digital cameras. Colour monochrome settings, such as green and blue, are included in some cameras as well. The more advanced cameras enable you to enhance the monochrome mode with various coloured filters. These filters allow you to achieve a number of effects. For instance, you can recreate the effect of a red filter over black and white film. Also, any colours in the subject that are the same colour as the filter can be selectively lightened.

Choosing a setting
Consider the emotion you want the photo to evoke. Sepia tones create a different feel than black and white, and vice versa. For example, a sepia-toned image will present a softer look, reminiscent of antique photos. Black and white, on the other hand, is ideal for photographing strong structural elements for stark contrasts.

Choosing your subject
Landscapes and city scenes tend to feature strong structural elements, such as buildings. Shadows actually enhance these subjects. Sunlight casts the lines and angles with dramatic patterns. To record the most detail possible, use an ISO setting of 200 or less. Low ISO settings best capture the shadows and structures that make for striking monochrome photos.

Gentle, more romantic settings also lend themselves well to monochrome mode. A dream-like or nostalgic mood can be evoked through monochrome photography. Subtle nuances emerge through the variations in tone.

Portraits, of both pets and people, are excellent subjects for monochrome photographs, particularly those done in black and white. You can vary the effect by changing the lighting. Soft light minimises the appearance of blemishes. Directional lighting, lighting which emanates from a single source, accentuates facial features.

Tips for shooting in monochrome
As explained above, the monochrome setting directly captures monochrome images. No colour information is recorded. While colour photos can be made monochrome with computer software, a photo taken in the monochrome setting cannot be reverted to colour. That is, unless you take the pictures in RAW format.

Try using your digital camera’s flash, whether inside or outside, when taking monochrome photos. Although the flash might washout an image taken in colour, that same flash can cast desirable dramatic shadows in monochrome.

Experiment with the different filters before you start taking photos. Your efforts will be better directed if you first know the effect that each filter achieves.

This article was brought to you by Canon Australia – Helpful photography tips

About Canon

Canon Australia is a leading provider of advanced, simple-to-use imaging solutions for businesses and consumers. Canons Australian R&D company, CiSRA, develops customised solutions for local customers, and exports digital imaging technologies for use in Canon products worldwide. Canon has ranked among the top-three US patent recipients for the past 16 years, and had global revenues of around $US39 billion in 2007. Canon Australia also operates Canon Finance Australia, which offers one-stop shopping for customers wanting leasing or finance services. For more information, visit canon.com.au.

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Tips On Reducing Your Wedding Photography Costs

The costs of wedding photography vary considerably. In fact when researching for the average cost of wedding photography in the UK I was bombarded with such an array of different figures it was almost meaningless. Probably the most credible source I could find was from Moneywise that quoted 839 as an average cost. This amount feels about right so I hope that gives you a ballpark figure.

Bear in mind though its an average so people are spending a great deal more and a great deal less so please dont panic if its a lot more than you anticipated. The Photographer Finder have some incredibly talented wedding photographers with competitive packages less than the average figure above and dont include any of the tips suggested below!

This article is to provide you with some ideas on how to save money on your wedding photography and still have the lasting record you deserve.

Tip No 1 Dont marry on a Saturday

Quite possibly the most effective and easiest way to reduce the cost of not only your wedding photography but also for the rest of your wedding is to not get married on a Saturday. This one factor alone can save hundreds and puts you in an excellent negotiating position.

If you have the typical British reticence of negotiating or haggling, imagine yourself in the other persons shoes. If you can see it from their point of view it makes you a more effective negotiator. Booking a photographer last minute when they have no prior bookings may possibly get you a reduction. Booking far in advance when they dont know how many weddings will occur in that year may also get you a reduction. Booking a wedding on a day that is unlikely to include another wedding will almost certainly get you a reduction.

From a wedding photographers perspective assume they do x amount of weddings a year and 99% of them occur on a Saturday why would they want to negotiate a lower price when they could have a booking at normal cost? However, if you choose another day of the week the chances are they have no likelihood of another wedding so you are giving them an extra booking. The same goes for a venue, choose a Friday in December and you are competing with the Christmas clientele.

Tip No 2 Consider a voucher scheme

For the last few years every time Ive been invited to a wedding there has been a note saying youre company is enough but if you would like to buy us a gift we would really appreciate contributions to our honeymoon with vouchers from such and such travel agent. So why not do the same for wedding photography? Some wedding photographers are already offering this service. Its a great way to cover some or all the cost of your photography or even perhaps upgrade your package. If you were interested it may be worth asking your wedding photographer to put some vouchers together if they dont already offer the scheme.

Tip No 3 Ordering a CD

By ordering a cd of your images instead of prints, albums etc you are reducing the photographers time and expense and consequently cds are being offered by more and more wedding photographers. It is a way of keeping to a tight budget but make sure it is not a false economy. Despite what Tomorrows World said cds and dvds are not infallible. They scratch, skip and malfunction. If you are choosing a cd from your wedding photographer check the images and not watermarked and clarify that the images are hi res (so that you can print them).

Another tip (sorry not a cost saving one) if you are considering buying a digital format instead of prints get them processed by a prolab not a high street processor. There is a very noticeable difference in quality. You have paid for pro pictures so it is worth getting them developed professionally and it is still cheaper to go direct.

Tip No 4 Shop outside your location

Ok, normal advice is to shop locally. However, when shopping for a bridal gown for my friend last year she fell in love with a dress that she couldnt afford and nothing else came close because she had found her perfect dress. After a gazillion hours of shopping locally we extended our search. We went to a town that is less affluent and found the same dress for nearly 20% less. It took a bit of extra time for the fittings but she had the dress shed set her heart on. So its certainly worth considering looking outside your area as your perfect wedding photographer may be in the next county (of course we can do this for you). You will need to take into account the travel costs of the photographer but it could still be a way of saving a pretty penny.

Tip No 5 Hire a Newbie

By newbie, I dont mean amateur. A newbie is someone who has had professional training and possibly a couple of weddings under their belt. He or she will be looking to expand their portfolio and gain experience and the prices they charge will reflect that. The preparation stage and clarifying exactly what you want beforehand is even more important when booking someone with little experience. However, everyone starts their career from scratch and what they lack in experience they should make up for in enthusiasm.

Tip No 6 Limit the length of time you want the photographer at your wedding

Wedding photographers charges are based on their time, their expertise, their experience and the costs of the finished product. If you reduce the length the time they are at your wedding it may be possible to reduce the overall cost. Check with your potential wedding photographer to see whether this will make a difference.

Tip No 7 Modify your wish list to fit their charges

Consider whether you would prefer to have better quality with a more basic package than more images with a cheaper photographer.
As with all cost savings a degree of compromise is involved. The hardest part is deciding just what to compromise on but never hesitate to speak directly to the photographer for advice and guidance.

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Professional Baby Photography – Best Ages For Infant Portraits

A baby’s first year is an important time to start documenting their life with professional photography. Even though the parents may be snapping away, a portrait professional can capture the baby in unique, artistic ways and produce professional archival prints that will last for generations. Understanding the importance of the task, many parents wonder when are the best months in the first year for professional infant photography. The following are some guidelines that identify what can be expected at the different stages of the baby’s first year or so.

Newborn – The first 5 to 10 days is the best time for newborn baby photography. During this time they are less fussy and their skin will be more clear. Baby acne usually sets in around day 16 and lasts for a couple of weeks, so having the session done before this will work in your favor. Newborn sessions often involve naked baby’s laying on soft blankets or in the family’s arms. Whether the baby is awake or asleep, these pictures should not be missed as they are an incredible way to begin documenting a person’s life.

2 to 3 months – This time is still considered newborn, but the babies are often much harder to work with at this age as they tend to be very fussy. They will have better head control than in the first month, and they usually can smile at this point, but do not count on getting a smiling portrait at this age. Most posing will involve the baby laying down on back or stomach, being propped up, and being held in arms.

4 to 5 months – The infant usually is a fairly good smiler at this point, and has gotten quite chubby. Most infants at this age cannot sit up yet, but they are far better at interacting with people and objects, and are much less fussy. This is a great age for capturing chubby legs and bare bottom shots.

6 to 7 months – Now the baby is able to sit up, and the options for posing are more numerous. Also, the baby is able to smile and laugh at this point and usually does not fear strangers. This is a wonderful age to start going outdoors for natural light baby photography. It is also a great time to include family pets and siblings in the session as the baby is able to sit but usually is not able to move around much – yet!

8 to 10 months – Often by this age, the infant is crawling and the sessions get very active! Consider a white background session in studio for a clean, classic look – but be ready to bring toys to distract the baby to stay in the area of light and continually reset the baby to the right spot. for very active babies a better choice for professional photography may be at the home if these is plenty of natural light so that the baby can roam and the photographer can follow.

11 to 14 months – Between these months, most babies are pulling up, “cruising” along furniture, standing and walking. Location sessions are ideal at this age when the baby is very determined to be mobile in their environment. During this time frame a one year portrait should be done to document the amazing development from birth to one. This should be a very playful session which includes family members as well.

OK – so what are the best ages for professional infant photography? As an experienced baby photographer, I would say all of the above are great for documenting the baby’s stages, but you can skip the 2 to 3 month session as they just tend to be so fussy. If you can only do three – make sure to do the newborn session (5 to 10 days), the 6 month session (sitting) and the One Year Portrait. When ordering your prints, make sure to get professional archival prints so that they will last for generations, and the grand children of this baby will have these pictures to treasure. This is the gift of professional photography.

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The Newest Ladies’ Models From Jean Marcel

Established in 1994 in Switzerland, at the heart of the watch-making industry, the Jean Marcel brand has gained a highly respected reputation over the last eight years for producing high quality, innovative time-pieces in limited editions for the discerning ()LED WATCH consumer.
The Jean Marcel collection offers a wide range of timepieces that include a number of men’s and ladies’ models with automatic, manual-wound and quartz movements as well as an extensive choice of pocket ()LED Men’s Watches.
The young company’s remarkable price/perfor-mance ratios make the Jean Marcel brand a tough competitor in today’s watch-making market. This year alone, the company introduced more than fifty-one new models, each with a distinct charac ter and sty-le, signifying a strong dedication to in-novation, technology and time-honored watch-making tradition.
First introduced at this year’s Basel Fair, the new Diamond Diva offers an added touch of elegance at an extremely reasonable price point. Available in a variety of models, the Diva is powered by an ETA 2671 automatic movement with calendar mechanism. The stainless steel, tonneau-shaped case surrounds a mother-of-pearl or guilloche dial and is fitted with a stainless steel bracelet or a matching crocodile skin strap. Equipped with a sap- phire crystal and an exhibition caseback, the Diva is water-resistant to 50 m.
The Diva is offered in three distinct diamond-set versions; the first features a bezel paved with 74 Top Wesselton diamonds, the next model boasts a case that is set with 188 of the high-quality diamonds (including the lugs), and for the absolute ultimate in elegance, the Diva is even offered with a full diamond-paved case (188 TW diamonds) and dial (227 TW diamonds) with 12 genuine blue sapphire hour-markers. Retail prices range from $2,995 – $10,095.
Created for both men and women, the new Oceans and Ice ()NEW men’s solar power 7 color led sports wath black in steel takes Jean Marcel’s innovative Mystery watch one step further with a stunning diamond-paved bezel. The watch is powered by the proven ETA 2824 automatic caliber which has been completely reworked into a “mystery” movement by master watchmaker and AHCI member Vincent Calabrese. Rather than utilizing hands to indicate the hours, minutes and seconds, Oceans and Ice instead makes use of a unique “mystery” mechanism. A jumping-hour window reveals both the hours and minutes while rotating around the dial and an arrow has been substituted for the seconds hand. A colorful map of the world has also been placed on the finely decorated dial which is complimented by a blue crocodile skin strap.

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Wedding Photography

You need to have to arrive up with photographs that are fantastic and problem the relaxation of the photographers to better. Creativeness is critical to this sort of photography and if you don’t have it get it or get out. You will not previous.

4. A tiny bit insaneng>

I included this level since any sane individual would imagine twice in advance of taking on a couple’s most vital day. A standard photographer who shoots for the pure satisfaction is not the man or woman for wedding photography. If the assumed of pumping adrenalin scares you then attempt child photography.

5. A skilled photographer

The previous matter you require to be concerned about is regardless of whether you have the digital camera on the appropriate setting or the right lens for the scene. If you have any doubts about your photographic capacity then it really is not for you. Go shoot kids parties and other very low tension activities right until you are fully proficient with your photography and confident in your power. Your only considerations must be relating to your planned shots and creativeness. Anything else will need to be 2nd nature.&nbsp

6. A whole lot of cash

If you are heading to be successful in this company you need to have revenue or an additional resource of cash flow as it requires time to set up on your own in the business though producing a track record and portfolio. References and referrals are crucial. You do not just set up a indicator and wait for the home business to roll in.&nbsp

Marriage ceremony photography involves time, work and a bit of luck in addition to the 6 points previously mentioned. Take your time to acquire the photographic capabilities so that when you shoot your first wedding ceremony you are entirely qualified at what you do. And then, practise, practise, practise. Satisfied shooting

If you are in the practice of planning a wedding ceremony, you have most likely heard, “you only get to do this once” a million occasions. The jeweler, cake maker, marriage ceremony gown retail store and each one particular else involved in your wedding ceremony want the day to be a flawless knowledge, a single that will generate great memories the rest of your existence. The individual who will capture these recollections is your marriage ceremony photographer.

The biggest error most brides- and grooms-to-be make when picking out a marriage ceremony photographer is to “hire” a relative or a photo hobbyist as a way to conserve a couple of dollars. The fact is that they most possible do not have the practical experience, gear or temperament to capture the important moments of your wedding in the very best way.

Here are some suggestions to locate a excellent professional wedding ceremony photographer.

Practical knowledge Counts

There is very little a lot more critical than practical experience when hiring a marriage ceremony photographer. An skilled photographer will have good equipment and know what to seem for when taking your wedding pictures. He will also know how to take wonderful pictures with no getting to be a distraction to the celebration or the people today taking aspect in it. He will know when to action up and when to step back. The knowledge a specialist marriage ceremony photographer brings to a wedding is priceless.

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Types of mathematical models – Simulation techniques, decision theory, replacement models, heuristi

Simulation is a representation of reality (problem, system etc.) through the use of a model or other device which will react in the same manner as reality under a given set of conditions. Simulation is a very powerful tool and is used for problems which fail to be solved by the direct analysis. Once the simulation model is designed, it takes a little time to run a simulation on a computer. Decision theory: Decision theory plays an important role in helping managers make better decisions. Since, in the world people live, the course of future events cannot be predicted with absolute certainty, probabilities are associated with those events. Decision theory covers three categories of decision making under certainty, risk and uncertainty.

Replacement models: Replacement problems are generally two types involving the replacement of items that deteriorate with time and those that do not deteriorate but suddenly fail. The first category includes items like vehicles, machines, equipments, uniforms etc. The problem consists of finding the optimum time for a replacement so that the sum of the cost of new equipment, the cost of maintaining efficiency on the old and the cost of loss of efficiency is minimized. These problems can be solved by calculus and dynamic programming. The second category includes items like electric bulbs, tubes, tires etc. The problem, here, is about finding which items to replace and whether or not to replace them in a group and, if so, when. The objective is to minimize the sum of the cost of the item, cost of replacing the item and the cost associated with failure of items. These problems can be solved by statistical sampling and probability theory. Heuristic models: The heuristic models use rules of thumb or intuitive rules and guidelines (generally under computer control) to explore the most likely paths and to make educated guesses in arriving at a problem’s solution. Thus, checking all the alternatives, so as to obtain the optimum one, is not required. Heuristic models seem to be quite promising for future OR work. They bridge the gap between strictly analytical formulations and the operating principles which managers are habitual of using. Combined methods: A production control problem, for example, normally consists of a combination of inventory, allocation and queuing models. The usual method of solving such combined models consists of solving them one at a time in some logical sequence. However, operations research combines those models and constructs some type of master model, which takes into account the interaction of individual models.

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